In measuring social exclusion using the latest data (2018) we found that 47% of Indigenous Australians experience social exclusion, compared with 25% of all Australians.

In 2018, 15% of Indigenous Australians experience deep social exclusion.

Over the period 2009 to 2018, social exclusion among Indigenous Australians increased, peaking at 54% in 2011. It has remained above 40% since 2013.

It is important to note that the data source for the social exclusion monitor, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, does not include people living in sparsely populated or remote areas.

In the graph below, the ‘all social exclusion’ line shows the total of marginal social exclusion and deep social exclusion.

Line graph of marginal and deep social exclusion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Australia, 2009 to 2018
To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St. Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2020’.

Data table


Social exclusion for Indigenous Australians, %, 2009–18
All social exclusion
All Australians – all social exclusion23.625.124.624.225.124.725.324.824.125.0
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander – all social exclusion44.142.553.838.544.644.141.647.247.746.6
Other Australians– all social exclusion21.522.822.522.522.923.223.723.622.824.0
Deep exclusion
All Australians – deep exclusion5.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander – deep exclusion15.813.122.911.319.519.517.518.917.914.8
Other Australians– deep exclusion4.

About the social exclusion monitor

The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St. Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 18 of the HILDA Survey in October 2020.