Education

Inadequate education and skills are strongly linked to social exclusion in Australia.

In measuring social exclusion we found that early school leavers, those with Year 11 or below, continue to experience social exclusion at more than 2.3 times the rate of those who complete Year 12 – 49% compared with 21% in 2017.

Among Australians with Year 11 education or below, social exclusion has increased from 41% in 2008 to 49% in 2017.

As well, in 2017 more than 12% of the early school leavers experience deep social exclusion, compared to 5% of those who have completed Year 12.


In the graph below, ‘all social exclusion’ refers to the total of marginal social exclusion and deep social exclusion. The second graph shows deep exclusion only.

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2019'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2019'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators.


Who experiences social exclusion? See results by


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 17 of the HILDA Survey in November 2019.

The Brotherhood of St Laurence (BSL) acknowledges and understands its obligations under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and recognises that all children and young people have the right to be treated with respect and care, and to be safe from all forms of abuse. BSL has a zero tolerance towards child abuse.
Read the official statement signed by the Executive Director.

The Brotherhood recognises the harm that family violence causes and that freedom from violence is a basic human right.
We will support our staff, volunteers, clients and the community if they experience violence.

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The Brotherhood of St Laurence acknowledges and recognises the Traditional Owners of the land upon which we live and work, and we pay our respects to their Elders both past and present.

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