Who experiences social exclusion?

Different groups of people in the community experience social exclusion in different ways. The degree to which a person is excluded can vary due to several factors, including their:

Gender »                  Age »     

Country of birth »      Indigenous background » 

Health »                   Education » 

                                             Household type »      Housing »


  • Women are more likely to be excluded than men.
  • Some 44% people over 65 experience exclusion – more than any other age group.
  • Among Indigenous Australians, 49% experience social exclusion.
  • More than half of the Australians who have a disability or long-term health condition experience social exclusion.
  • Early school leavers are much more likely to experience exclusion than those with a diploma or degree.
  • More than 35% of single person and lone parent households experience social exclusion.
  • Public housing tenants experience social exclusion at more than twice the rate of people living elsewhere.
Graph of social exclusion of selected groups, 2016

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2018'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators.


Who experiences social exclusion? See results by


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 16 of the HILDA Survey in December 2018.

The Brotherhood of St Laurence (BSL) acknowledges and understands its obligations under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and recognises that all children and young people have the right to be treated with respect and care, and to be safe from all forms of abuse. BSL has a zero tolerance towards child abuse.
Read the official statement signed by the Executive Director.

The Brotherhood recognises the harm that family violence causes and that freedom from violence is a basic human right.
We will support our staff, volunteers, clients and the community if they experience violence.

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The Brotherhood of St Laurence acknowledges and recognises the Traditional Owners of the land upon which we live and work, and we pay our respects to their Elders both past and present.

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