Data tables

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Social exclusion among selected groups in Australia,%, 2017

 Deep exclusionMarginal exclusionAll social exclusion
Gender  
Males5.316.722.1
Females5.920.426.4
Age  
Under 15 years*5.313.719.0
15 to 24 years4.515.720.2
25 to 49 years3.812.816.6
50 to 64 years5.418.123.5
65+ years6.437.343.7
Country of birth   
Australia5.817.723.5
Other English-speaking4.418.322.7
Non–English speaking5.622.728.3
Indigenous background   
Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander
16.029.145.1
Health   
Long-term ill health/disability16.435.652.1
Education   
Degree1.49.110.5
Diploma3.914.718.6
Certificate III/IV5.516.121.6
Year 124.816.521.3
Year 11 or less12.436.148.5
Housing type
Home-owner 4.623.828.4
Mortgagee2.611.714.3
Private renter9.120.329.4
Public housing tenant29.141.670.6
Household  type   
Couple4.520.725.3
Couple with children2.912.615.4
Lone parent with children14.025.439.5
Single person10.326.136.3

* Results for age-group under 15 years derived from household data.

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by gender, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion       
Males19.420.822.121.221.022.422.122.822.022.1
Females25.226.228.327.927.227.727.127.627.026..4
Deep exclusion       
Males 4.34.74.64.84.65.55.85.25.45.3
Females 5.86.16.26.06.16.35.96.15.65.9

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by age group, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion       
Under 15 years18.119.419.618.818.920.920.820.118.419.0
15 to 24 years15.819.021.519.320.620.920.019.319.020.2
25 to 49 years14.715.316.315.815.316.217.217.516.316.6
50 to 64 years22.422.024.822.322.723.522.722.722.423.5
65+ years46.248.850.047.947.843.446.345.544.443.7
Deep exclusion
Under 15 years5.56.04.44.64.35.65.95.44.65.3
15 to 24 years3.53.95.13.84.14.74.64.23.94.5
25 to 49 years3.53.53.53.43.54.24.24.23.93.8
50 to 64 years5.14.54.85.65.85.66.35.25.45.4
65+ years7.76.35.17.17.46.17.06.86.26.4

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by country of birth, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion       
Australia20.722.223.523.323.023.723.924.324.423.5
Other English-speaking27.924.228.523.222.426.921.024.623.822.7
Non–English speaking27.831.032.830.930.129.530.229.225.628.3
Deep exclusion       
Australia4.65.04.85.35.45.65.95.75.65.8
Other English-speaking4.85.47.04.14.35.04.04.34.84.4
Non–English speaking8.37.87.76.86.77.76.66.35.45.6

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion for Indigenous Australians, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion       
All Australians22.423.625.224.624.225.124.725.224.524.3
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people35.942.441.952.438.45.643.640.647.045.1
Deep exclusion       
All Australians5.15.45.45.45.45.95.85.75.55.6
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people11.815.212.922.611.519.419.115.916.716.0

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion for Australians with a long-term health condition or disability, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion       
Persons with long-term ill health/ disability50.148.853.552.350.650.652.954.155.152.1
Deep exclusion   
Persons with long-term ill health/ disability14.914.814.515.615.415.916.215.316.516.4

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by education, %, 2008–17

 2008200820102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion       
Degree8.29.29.310.911.411.610.910.710.110.5
Diploma13.113.513.518.617.215.315/015/417.318.6
Certificate III/IV17.217.719.518.619.921.421.324.321.321.6
Year 1215.818.521/121.020.320.9321.621.121.221.3
Year 11 or less41.143.547.345.344.647.947.648.349.648/5
Deep exclusion       
Degree1.31.31.51.61.92.12.02.31.81.4
Diploma1.92.72.13.73.33.63.03.73.23.9
Certificate III/IV4.43.83.84.44.15.25.75.25.25.5
Year 122.83.34.03.64.24.23,84.34.24.8
Year 11 or less10.211.411.311.111.112.312.411.411.812.4

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by household type, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion       
Couple24.525.727.226.125.125.825.325.525.825.3
Couple with children13.614.214.815.715.516.016.016.615.615.4
Lone parent with children27.934.438.437.937.037.635.535.936.739.5
Single person33.435.137.337.536.937.337.038.035.436.3
Deep exclusion       
Couple4.64.94.25.24.34.84.44.54.44.5
Couple with children3.02.82.92.72.83.33.73.33.02.9
Lone parent with children8.811.512.213.511.614.111.212.410.814.0
Single person8.48.89.19.710.19.59.810.19.210.3

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by housing type, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion
Home-owners26.027.729.228.828.729.330.229.829.528.4
Mortgagees13.412.714.514.014.213.813.214.914.314.3
Private renters25.927.330.027.827.028.728.028.227.329.4
Public housing tenants61.262.867.569.469.075.072.571.074.770.6
Deep exclusion
Home-owners4.84.74.35.05.04.45.04.84.84.6
Mortgagees2.52.33.02.82.73.02.62.42.52.6
Private renters7.78.77.86.37.09.18.28.48.19.1
Public housing tenants22.925.725.033.330.932.736.734.031.729.1

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Percentage of Australians experiencing each social exclusion indicator, average, 2008–17

Indicator Average 2008–17
Material resources
Low income 17.5
Low net worth36.9
Low consumption14.0
Financial hardship5.6
Financial status3.3
Employment 
Jobless household10.5
Long-term unemployment0.7
Unemployment3.6
Underemployment10.3
Marginal attachment to workforce17.5
Education and skills
Low education22.8
Low literacy
Low numeracy
Poor English3.0
Little work experience13.1
Health 
Poor general health18.7
Poor physical health11.3
Poor mental health10.3
Long-term health condition or disability27.9
Disabled child3.2
Social connection
Little social support1.6
Infrequent social activity11.9
Community 
Low neighbourhood quality1.3
Disconnection from community13.0
Low satisfaction with neighbourhood4.5
Low membership of clubs and associations17.5
Low volunteer activity20.6
Personal safety
Victim of violence1.2
Victim of property crime3.3
Feeling of being unsafe2.6

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Levels of social exclusion and income poverty, %, 2008–17

 2008200920102011201220132014201520162017
All social exclusion22.423.625.224.624.225.124.725.224.524.3
Marginal exclusion17.318.119.819.218.819.218.819.519.118.6
Deep exclusion5.15.45.45.45.45.95.85.75.55.6
Income poverty (below 60% of median income)18.118.418.718.717.818.117.718.116.718.1

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Persistence of social exclusion for Australians, %, 2008–17

Number of years excluded012345678910
Period 2008–17
All social exclusion49.514.39.06.14.33.53.43.32.62.41.7
Deep exclusion84.06.73.11.91.40.80.70.60.30.30.2

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 17 of the HILDA Survey in November 2019.

The Brotherhood of St Laurence (BSL) acknowledges and understands its obligations under the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and recognises that all children and young people have the right to be treated with respect and care, and to be safe from all forms of abuse. BSL has a zero tolerance towards child abuse.
Read the official statement signed by the Executive Director.

The Brotherhood recognises the harm that family violence causes and that freedom from violence is a basic human right.
We will support our staff, volunteers, clients and the community if they experience violence.

Find out more about the work of the Brotherhood
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The Brotherhood of St Laurence acknowledges and recognises the Traditional Owners of the land upon which we live and work, and we pay our respects to their Elders both past and present.

Torres Strait Islander flag, an icon of a traditional headdress on blue, black and green stripes