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Social exclusion among selected groups in Australia,%, 2014

  Deep exclusion Marginal exclusion All social exclusion
Gender  
Males 5.615.821.4
Females 5.4 19.5 24.9
Age  
Under 15 years* 5.4 13.2 18.6
15 to 24 years 4.3 13.3 17.6
25 to 49 years 4.0 11.3 15.3
50 to 64 years 6.214.9 21.1
65+ years 6.9 38.3 45.2
Country of birth   
Australia 5.6 17.1 22.7
Other English-speaking 3.8 16.0 19.7
Non–English speaking 6.3 21.3 27.7
Indigenous background   
Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander
16.1 23.4 39.5
Health   
Long-term ill health/disability 15.3 35.9 51.3
Education   
Degree 2.0 8.0 9.9
Diploma 2.7 12.0 14.7
Certificate III/IV 5.3 15.3 20.6
Year 12 3.5 14.618.1
Year 11 or less 13.2 37.951.1
Housing type
Home-owner  4.9 24.7 29.6
Mortgagee 2.6 8.911.5
Private renter 7.6 18.2 25.8
Public housing tenant 32.9 37.3 70.2
Household  type   
Couple 4.2 20.1 24.3
Couple with children 3.4 10.4 13.8
Lone parent with children 11.0 20.6 31.6
Single person 9.8 26.536.3

* Results for age-group under 15 years derived from household data.

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by gender, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion       
Males 22.8 20.6 19.6 19.3 20.6 20.7 20.6 20.121.921.4
Females 29.8 27.2 27.0 24.9 25.0 27.3 27.0 26.126.524.9
Deep exclusion       
Males  5.2 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.7 4.3 4.7 4.3 5.3 5.6
Females  6.65.7 6.3 5.5 5.6 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.4

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by age group, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion       
Under 15 years 22.0 19.5 20.2 17.6 17.8 18.118.5 18.6 18.9 18.6
15 to 24 years 17.8 16.115.8 15.1 17.3 18.9 18.1 18.8 18.7 17.6
25 to 49 years 17.9 15.6 15.5 14.3 14.5 15.2 15.5 14.8 15.9 15.3
50 to 64 years 28.3 22.9 22.9 22.1 21.4 24.0 22.622.1 23.221.1
65+ years 49.8 48.2 49.546.0 47.0 48.8 47.7 47.6 45.0 45.2
Deep exclusion
Under 15 years 4.8 4.5 5.4 5.5 5.64.04.1 3.95.4 5.4
15 to 24 years 4.23.0 4.3 3.4 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.1 5.44.3
25 to 49 years 4.5 3.4 3.8 3.3 3.63.23.3 3.13.8 4.0
50 to 64 years 7.8 5.4 6.2 5.1 4.5 4.6 5.4 5.65.6 6.2
65+ years 7.56.0 7.0 6.5 5.6 5.6 7.1 7.0 5.86.9

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by country of birth, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion       
Australia 24.622.5 22.1 20.6 21.8 22.4 22.7 22.1 22.922.7
Other English-speaking 29.1 23.8 25.4 27.9 23.8 27.8 23.6 22.7 26.019.7
Non–English speaking 33.0 31.9 28.5 26.3 28.1 30.5 28.7 27.5 28.4 27.7
Deep exclusion       
Australia 5.44.8 4.7 4.4 4.9 4.45.2 5.1 5.5 5.6
Other English-speaking 4.7 5.8 5.3 4.8 5.1 7.2 4.14.2 4.9 3.8
Non–English speaking 9.3 6.0 8.87.3 6.6 7.56.5 5.3 6.86.3

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion for Indigenous Australians, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion       
All Australians 24.3 22.221.720.3 21.5 22.022.2 21.822.4 22.2
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 45.8 36.6 41.7 34.0 38.8 37.8 46.435.8 40.4 39.5
Deep exclusion       
All Australians 5.1 4.6 4.64.3 4.84.3 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.3
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 19.4 14.6 10.8 9.5 12.3 11.321.5 10.4 15.916.1

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion for Australians with a long-term health condition or disability, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion       
Persons with long-term ill health/ disability 54.1 52.850.6 49.0 47.4 51.4 51.4 49.549.5 51.3
Deep exclusion      
Persons with long-term ill health/ disability 15.114.3 15.2 14.0 14.013.814.8 14.2 15.4 15.3

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by education, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion       
Degree 10.5 9.17.8 7.7 8.7 8.9 10.2 10.4 11.29.9
Diploma 14.2 13.1 12.012.4 13.1 13.1 17.116.8 15.3 14.7
Certificate III/IV 19.819.1 18.4 17.317.3 18.5 18.7 19.720.8 20.6
Year 12 19.5 17.5 18.3 15.0 17.519.5 18.5 17.6 19.7 18.1
Year 11 or less 48.0 44.8 45.1 45.2 47.1 50.149.7 48.4 52.0 51.1
Deep exclusion       
Degree 1.7 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.71.8 2.0
Diploma 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.82.4 2.0 3.5 3.4 3.02.7
Certificate III/IV 4.5 3.5 3.9 4.23.93.9 4.3 3.9 5.3 5.3
Year 12 4.2 3.64.5 2.5 3.0 4.0 3.7 3.74.4 3.5
Year 11 or less 11.4 10.6 11.210.7 12.211.8 12.0 11.713.113.2

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by household type, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion       
Couple 29.6 25.9 25.6 23.8 24.7 26.125.7 24.3 25.9 24.3
Couple with children 16.515.2 13.3 12.9 13.3 13.0 14.5 13.7 13.7 13.8
Lone parent with children 38.2 35.7 38.3 29.2 34.2 36.6 36.8 34.835.3 31.6
Single person 36.4 33.9 34.333.135.036.6 36.936.536.8 36.3
Deep exclusion       
Couple 5.7 4.74.7 4.04.3 4.14.9 4.14.6 4.2
Couple with children 2.9 2.9 3.02.8 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.93.4
Lone parent with children 15.311.7 12.7 10.2 11.9 12.4 13.1 10.5 14.411.0
Single person 8.97.77.98.2 8.79.1 9.5 9.7 9.3 9.8

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Social exclusion in Australia by housing type, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion
Home-owners 30.3 28.327.6 26.1 27.628.228.8 28.8 29.429.6
Mortgagees 14.9 13.9 13.0 12.9 12.313.413.0 12.812.9 11.5
Private renters 27.6 24.526.1 24.525.5 28.8 26.5 25.0 26.7 25.8
Public housing tenants 67.7 64.4 64.062.7 61.0 65.3 68.3 68.974.5 70.2
Deep exclusion
Home-owners 5.2 4.7 4.8 4.64.7 4.4 5.2 4.84.44.9
Mortgagees 3.0 2.62.6 2.4 2.22.6 2.72.32.8 2.6
Private renters 8.06.6 7.1 7.2 8.1 7.36.0 6.88.5 7.6
Public housing tenants 28.225.228.6 20.924.8 24.9 30.729.932.6 32.9

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Percentage of Australians experiencing each social exclusion indicator, average, 2005–14

Indicator  Average 2005–14
Material resources
Low income  18.2
Low net worth 36.4
Low consumption 13.8
Financial hardship 5.6
Financial status 3.2
Employment 
Jobless household 9.8
Long-term unemployment 0.5
Unemployment 3.3
Underemployment 9.7
Marginal attachment to workforce 16.3
Education and skills
Low education 29.8
Low literacy 3.2
Low numeracy 4.8
Poor English 2.9
Little work experience 12.9
Health 
Poor general health 18.3
Poor physical health 10.9
Poor mental health 9.7
Long-term health condition or disability 27.6
Disabled child 3.2
Social connection
Little social support 1.4
Infrequent social activity 11.6
Community 
Low neighbourhood quality 1.5
Disconnection from community 13.0
Low satisfaction with neighbourhood 4.4
Low membership of clubs and associations 16.9
Low volunteer activity 20.2
Personal safety
Victim of violence 1.4
Victim of property crime 3.7
Feeling of being unsafe 2.9

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Levels of social exclusion and income poverty, %, 2005–14

  2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
All social exclusion 26.3 24.0 23.322.1 22.924.1 23.9 23.1 24.3 23.2
Marginal exclusion 20.5 18.9 18.0 17.3 17.7 18.9 18.618.1 18.6 17.6
Deep exclusion 5.95.1 5.34.9 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.0 5.7 5.5
Income poverty (below 60% of median income) 19.4 17.6 19.2 18.418.2 18.7 18.9 18.5 19.0 17.2

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


Persistence of social exclusion for Australians, %, 2005–14

Number of years excluded 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Period 2005–14
All social exclusion 49.713.98.5 5.8 4.4 3.83.7 3.42.8 2.7 1.4
Deep exclusion 83.3 7.3 3.4 2.1 1.4 1.00.6 0.4 0.30.3 0.1

See graph for this data table and note on updated indicators.


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 14 of the HILDA Survey in October 2016.

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