Education

Inadequate education and skills are strongly linked to social exclusion in Australia.

In measuring social exclusion we found that early school leavers, those with Year 11 or below, experience social exclusion at more than 2.5 times the rate of those who complete Year 12 – 51% compared to 18%.

Among Australians with Year 11 education or below, social exclusion has increased from 45% in 2008 to 51% in 2014.

As well, one in seven (13%) of the early school leavers experience deep social exclusion, more than 3 times the rate of those who have completed Year 12.


In the graph below, ‘all social exclusion’ refers to the total of marginal social exclusion and deep social exclusion. The second graph shows deep exclusion only.

Graph of all social exclusion by education, Australia, 2005 to 2014

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2016'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators

Graph of all social exclusion by education, Australia, 2005 to 2014

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2016'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators.


Who experiences social exclusion? See results by


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 14 of the HILDA Survey in October 2016.

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