Country of birth

In measuring social exclusion we found that immigrants from non–English speaking countries experience more social exclusion than native-born Australians.

In 2014 (the latest data), 28% of these immigrants experienced exclusion compared to 23% of people born in Australia and 20% of immigrants from English-speaking countries.

Estimates for 2014 suggest that immigrants from non–English speaking countries experienced deep social exclusion at a higher rate (6.3%) than the other groups (5.6% and 3.8%).


Over the 2005–08 period, social exclusion decreased for most people in Australia regardless of country of birth. However, social exclusion started to grow following the global financial crisis and has remained above the 2008 levels for those born in Australia and immigrants from non–English speaking countries.

In the graph below, the ‘all social exclusion’ lines show the total of marginal social exclusion and deep social exclusion.

Graph of social exclusion in Australia by country of birth, 2005 to 2014

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2016'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators.


Who experiences social exclusion? See results by


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 14 of the HILDA Survey in October 2016.

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