Who experiences social exclusion?

Different groups of people in the community experience social exclusion in different ways. The degree to which a person is excluded can vary due to several factors, including their:

Gender »                  Age »     

Country of birth »      Indigenous background » 

Health »                   Education » 

                                             Household type »      Housing »


  • Women are more likely to be excluded than men.
  • Nearly half of people over 65 experience exclusion – more than any other age group.
  • Social exclusion is more common among immigrants from non–English speaking countries than native-born Australians. 
  • Among Indigenous Australians, nearly 40% experience social exclusion.
  • More than half of the Australians who have a disability or long-term health condition experience social exclusion.
  • Early school leavers are much more likely to experience exclusion than those with a diploma or degree.
  • More than 30% of single person and lone parent households experience social exclusion.
  • Public housing tenants experience social exclusion at more than twice the rate of people living elsewhere.
Graph of social exclusion by selected groups, Australia, 2005 to 2014

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2016'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators.


Who experiences social exclusion? See results by


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 14 of the HILDA Survey in October 2016.

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