Persistence of social exclusion

By measuring social exclusion we can now see how persistent the experience of social exclusion is for people in Australia.

While almost half of Australians (49%) did not experience any social exclusion over the period 2005 to 2014, 51% were excluded in at least one year, and 17% were deeply excluded in at least one year.

The graph below shows in how many years people experienced social exclusion in the ten years from 2005 to 2014. Note that the years before 2008 were a period of sustained economic growth with record low unemployment.

The ‘all social exclusion’ bars in the graph show the total of marginal social exclusion and deep social exclusion.


Graph of persistence of social exclusion, Australia, 2005 to 2014

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2016'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators


For many Australians their experience of social exclusion is temporary. Of greatest concern are the people for whom exclusion lasts a long time: the 28% of people who were excluded to some degree in at least three years within this ten-year period, and the 6% who experienced deep exclusion in at least three years. Social exclusion in at least three years is considered to be ‘persistent’ exclusion.


Read also in Measuring social exclusion:  Depth of social exclusion » Social exclusion and poverty »


The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 14 of the HILDA Survey in October 2016.

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