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Indigenous background

Social exclusion is experienced by almost half (48%) of Indigenous Australians.

Almost 1 in 2 Indigenous Australians experience social exclusion. In measuring social exclusion using the latest 2011 data we found that 48% experience social exclusion compared to 24% of all Australians.

In 2011, one in seven Indigenous Australians (14%) experience deep social exclusion.  

Social exclusion among Indigenous Australians fell from 52% in 2002 to 33% in 2008 but increased after 2008, affecting 48 per cent of this group in 2011.

It is important to note that the data source for the social exclusion monitor, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey, does not include people living in sparsely populated or remote areas.

In the graph below, the ‘all social exclusion’ line shows the total of marginal social exclusion and deep social exclusion.

Graph of social exclusion for Indigenous Australians, 2002–11

To copy this graph for your own use, right-click on the image (or control-click on a Mac) and paste the graph into your document. Please credit 'The Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute 2013'.

See data table for this graph and note on updated indicators.


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The social exclusion monitor is the work of the Brotherhood of St Laurence and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (MIAESR). This page was updated using analysis of Wave 11 of the HILDA Survey in October 2013.

Middle-aged Indigenous woman in pink track top and glasses smiling with yellow texta in her hand

Sandra, who is profoundly deaf and has an intellectual disability, has lived in care since she was very young.

Read Sandra’s story


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